Learn More About Pests
Appearance: Female is 1/2 inch long; Shiny Black, with hourglass-shaped red mark on the underside of abdomen.
Habits: Can be found almost anywhere, indoors or out; Prefer to build their nests close to the ground.
Reproduction: Contrary to popular belief, female is usually unsuccessful in any attemp to eat male after mating; 300 to 400 eggs are laid in silken cocoon, hatches in about ten days.
Other Information: Black widows are not aggressive, and will not bite unless provoked; Bites are poisonous, but rarely fatal; If bitten, seek medical attention.
Appearance: Shiny & Black. 2-3mm long.
Habits: Black House Ants nest under bark or in decaying timber, They infest homes and buildings in search of food and water; They are especially attracted to sweet foods but also eat the honeydew which is secreted from sap-sucking insects.
Reproduction: Larva hatches out of the egg as a white grub which is narrower towards the head. They are fed by the adults. The larva pupates and appears creamy-white, looking similar to an adult. Sometimes they have a protective silk cocoon around them. The length of time between the egg stage and ants emerging as adults can take 6-weeks or more. Fertillised eggs become female, unfertilised become males.
Appearance: Black to brownish-black, about one-twelfth to one-sixteenth inches long; Six legs, with many bristles on body and legs; Flattened body.
Habits: Found on cats and dogs year-round, but most common during warm and humid weather; Readily attack and feed on humans; Can jump as much as seven-eight inches vertically and 14 to 16 inches horizontally.
Reproduction: Female can lay about 25 eggs a day, and up to 800 eggs during her lifetime; Fleas undergo complete metamorphosis, usually in 14 to 90 days.
Other Information: Carry many diseases.
Appearance: Small and slender, three to four inches long, with large ears, small eyes and pointed nose; Light brown or light gray; Droppings are rod-shaped.
Habits: Nest within structures and burrow; Establish a “territory” near food sources, generally 10 to 30 feet from nest; Inquisitive, but very wary; Excellent climbers.
Reproduction: Prolific breeders at two months; Can have litters as often as every 40 or 50 days, with four to seven young per litter; Live up to one year.
Other Information: Feed 15 to 20 times per day; Can squeeze through a hole one-fourth inch wide; Carry many serious diseases.
Appearance: Black or brown, seven to 10 inches long, with a long tail and large ears and eyes, with a pointed nose.
Habits: Nests inside and under buildings, or in piles of rubbish or wood. Excellent climber; Can often be found in the upper parts of structures.
Reproduction: Becomes sexually mature at four months; Four to six litters per year; Four to eight young per litter; Live up to one year.
Other Information: Very agile; Can squeeze through openings only 1/2 inch wide; Carry many serious diseases.
Appearance: Silverfish are always wingless and are silvery to brown in color because their bodies are covered with fine scales. They are general soft bodied. Adults are up to 3/4 inches long. Flattened from top to bottom, elongated and oval in shape, have three long tail projections and two long antennae.
Habits: Silverfish are chewing insects and general feeders but prefer carbohydrates and protein, including flour, dried meat, rolled oats, paper and even glue. They require a high humidity (75% to 90%) to survive. They also have a temperature preference between 70 and 80 degrees F. They are fast running and mostly active at night and generally prefer lower levels in homes. But may be found in attics.
Other Information: Primarily a nuisance pest inside the home or buildings; Can contaminate food, damage paper goods and stain clothing; Medically harmless.
Appearance: Adults are 1/2 inch- 5/8 inch long, light to medium brown with 2 dark distinctive stripes behind the head. The young (nymphs) are wingless, smaller and much darker in color, with a light stripe on their backs.
Habits: Infestations are generally found in kitchens and bathrooms, but can inhabit other areas if there is a heavy population or you have run them into each other with the repellent effect of insecticides. Many times they are brought in with grocery items, grocery bags, cartons, handbags, and luggage.
Reproduction: Females produce one egg capsule every 3-4 weeks. Each capsule contains 25-45 eggs, the largest capsule of all roach species that would infest a building.
Other Information: Carrier of many diseases.
Dampwood termites do not usually infest structures because of the low moisture content of the wood. However, care must be taken to avoid attracting dampwood termites to a structure.
While drywood termites are found in only certain areas of the country, they can be transported in furniture or other artefacts such as picture frames. Drywoods need minimal moisture and infest the wood and spread at very low rates. The wood damage can be extensive. usually the first signs of infestation are holes in the wood and spilling of small oval pellets.
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